A Brief History of Diabetes
Diabetes as a known condition has been around since ancient times. Here is a brief timeline of the disease:
1552 BC: The physician Hesy-Ra wrote the first mention of a symptom of diabetes (frequent urination) on Egyptian papyrus.
250 BC: Apollonius of Memphis coined the term diabetes.
11th century AD: The word mellitus—Latin for honey—was added to the term diabetes. At the time, diabetes was diagnosed by tasting the urine to see if it was sweet.
The 1800s: A test was developed to detect sugar in the urine.
The early 1900s: Several diabetes diet treatments were rolled out. These included a whiskey and black coffee "cleanse" followed by a restrictive diet (often leading to starvation) and an "oat-cure," consisting of frequent doses of 1:1 oats to butter mixture.
1929: Insulin was produced and distributed for the first time.
1950: The diabetic food exchange system was first developed.
1959: Type 1 and type 2 diabetes were distinguished and categorized.
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